Plant Transcription Factor Database
Previous version: v3.0
Transcription Factor Information
Basic Information | Signature Domain | Sequence | 
Basic Information? help Back to Top
TF ID AT2G36270.1
Common NameABI5, AtABI5, BZIP39, DPBF1, F2H17.12, GIA1, NEM1
Taxonomic ID
Taxonomic Lineage
cellular organisms; Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Streptophytina; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Mesangiospermae; eudicotyledons; Gunneridae; Pentapetalae; rosids; malvids; Brassicales; Brassicaceae; Camelineae; Arabidopsis
Family bZIP
Protein Properties Length: 442aa    MW: 47006.7 Da    PI: 9.3128
Description bZIP family protein
Gene Model
Gene Model ID Type Source Coding Sequence
AT2G36270.1genomeTAIRView CDS
Signature Domain? help Back to Top
Signature Domain
No. Domain Score E-value Start End HMM Start HMM End
       bZIP_1   5 krerrkqkNReAArrsRqRKkaeieeLeekvkeLeaeNkaLkkeleelk 53 
                  +r+rr++kNRe+A rsR+RK+a++ eLe +  +L++eN +Lk  l el+
                  79****************************************9999986 PP

Protein Features ? help Back to Top
3D Structure
Database Entry ID E-value Start End InterPro ID Description
SMARTSM003384.8E-16353417IPR004827Basic-leucine zipper domain
PROSITE profilePS5021711.748355407IPR004827Basic-leucine zipper domain
SuperFamilySSF579595.56E-11357406No hitNo description
CDDcd147073.93E-24357411No hitNo description
PfamPF001704.0E-13357405IPR004827Basic-leucine zipper domain
Gene3DG3DSA: hitNo description
PROSITE patternPS000360360375IPR004827Basic-leucine zipper domain
Gene Ontology ? help Back to Top
GO Term GO Category GO Description
GO:0009409Biological Processresponse to cold
GO:0009414Biological Processresponse to water deprivation
GO:0009651Biological Processresponse to salt stress
GO:0009737Biological Processresponse to abscisic acid
GO:0009738Biological Processabscisic acid-activated signaling pathway
GO:0009739Biological Processresponse to gibberellin
GO:0010152Biological Processpollen maturation
GO:0010182Biological Processsugar mediated signaling pathway
GO:0010187Biological Processnegative regulation of seed germination
GO:0010200Biological Processresponse to chitin
GO:0045893Biological Processpositive regulation of transcription, DNA-templated
GO:0048316Biological Processseed development
GO:0005634Cellular Componentnucleus
GO:0003677Molecular FunctionDNA binding
GO:0003700Molecular Functiontranscription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding
GO:0005515Molecular Functionprotein binding
GO:0043565Molecular Functionsequence-specific DNA binding
Plant Ontology ? help Back to Top
PO Term PO Category PO Description
PO:0000037anatomyshoot apex
PO:0000200anatomymicropylar endosperm
PO:0000293anatomyguard cell
PO:0009009anatomyplant embryo
PO:0009052anatomyflower pedicel
PO:0019018anatomyplant embryo axis
PO:0025022anatomycollective leaf structure
PO:0001040developmental stagedry seed stage
PO:0001078developmental stageplant embryo cotyledonary stage
PO:0001081developmental stagemature plant embryo stage
PO:0001185developmental stageplant embryo globular stage
PO:0004507developmental stageplant embryo bilateral stage
PO:0007134developmental stagesporophyte vegetative stage
PO:0007611developmental stagepetal differentiation and expansion stage
PO:0007616developmental stageflowering stage
PO:0025374developmental stageseed dormant stage
Sequence ? help Back to Top
Protein Sequence    Length: 442 aa     Download sequence    Send to blast
Expression -- UniGene ? help Back to Top
UniGene ID E-value Expressed in
Expression -- Microarray ? help Back to Top
Source ID E-value
Expression AtlasAT2G36270-
Expression -- Description ? help Back to Top
Source Description
UniprotDEVELOPMENTAL STAGE: Expressed in embryo during the latest stages of seed maturation. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:12084834}.
UniprotTISSUE SPECIFICITY: Predominantly expressed in seeds. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:10760247, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12376636}.
Functional Description ? help Back to Top
Source Description
TAIREncodes a member of the basic leucine zipper transcription factor family, involved in ABA signalling during seed maturation and germination. The Arabidopsis abscisic acid (ABA)-insensitive abi5 mutants have pleiotropic defects in ABA response, including decreased sensitivity to ABA inhibition of germination and altered expression of some ABA-regulated genes. Comparison of seed and ABA-inducible vegetative gene expression in wild-type and abi5-1 plants indicates that ABI5 regulates a subset of late embryogenesis-abundant genes during both developmental stages.
UniProtParticipates in ABA-regulated gene expression during seed development and subsequent vegetative stage by acting as the major mediator of ABA repression of growth. Binds to the embryo specification element and the ABA-responsive element (ABRE) of the Dc3 gene promoter and to the ABRE of the Em1 and Em6 genes promoters. Can also trans-activate its own promoter, suggesting that it is autoregulated. Plays a role in sugar-mediated senescence. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:11287670, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12000684, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12084834, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12177466, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12410810, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12434021, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15118859, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16247556, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16463099}.
Function -- GeneRIF ? help Back to Top
  1. The redundancy of function among genes in the families of ABF3 and ABI5 in A. thaliana is reported.
    [PMID: 16247556]
  2. Results show that over-expression of ABI5 rendered phas expression ABA-independent in the presence of PvALF.
    [PMID: 18038114]
  3. PRT6 control of germination and establishment, as exemplified by ABA and sugar sensitivity, as well as storage oil mobilization, occurs at least in part via transcription factors ABI3 and ABI5.
    [PMID: 19255443]
  4. SIZ1-dependent sumoylation of ABI5 attenuates abscisic acid signaling
    [PMID: 19276109]
  5. Abscisic acid promotes ABI5 accumulation by inducing the ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation of KEG.
    [PMID: 20682837]
  6. one-hybrid assays demonstrated synergistic action of ABI4 with ABI5 or related bZIP factors in regulating target promoters, and mutant analyses showed that ABI4 and these bZIPs share some functions
    [PMID: 21243515]
  7. MED25 physically associates with the basic Leu zipper transcription factor ABA-INSENSITIVE5 (ABI5) in promoter regions of ABI5 target genes and shows a negative effect on ABI5-regulated gene transcription.
    [PMID: 22822206]
  8. These data suggest that Ala214 in ABI5 contributes to the function of ABI5 via its interaction with ABI3.
    [PMID: 23299338]
  9. The inhibitory effect of abscisic acid on floral transition is mediated by ABI5.
    [PMID: 23307919]
  10. ABI5 phosphorylation is regulated by PP6 phosphatase.
    [PMID: 23404889]
  11. Data indicate that KEEP ON GOING (KEG) E3 interacts with abscisic acid insensitive 5 (ABI5) in the cytoplasm.
    [PMID: 23720747]
  12. ABI4 and ABI5 synergistically regulate DGAT1 expression in Arabidopsis seedlings under stress.
    [PMID: 23942253]
  13. The function of AtSAG in abscisic acid (ABA)signalling depended on ABI3 and ABI5. AtSAG is an important negative regulator of ABA signalling during seed germination and seedling development.
    [PMID: 24163287]
  14. ABI5 functions in the glucose-mediated inhibition of the root meristem zone by repressing PIN1 accumulation, thus leading to reduced auxin levels in roots.
    [PMID: 24237322]
  15. Overexpression of TAP46 and inhibition of activities of PP2A or PP2A-like protein phosphatases can increase transcript levels of several ABI5-regulated genes.
    [PMID: 24357600]
  16. ubiquitination promotes AB15 degradation; sumoylation prohibits degradation
    [PMID: 24398698]
  17. These results define a genetic pathway through which cytokinin specifically induces the degradation of ABI5 protein.
    [PMID: 24443524]
  18. Transgenic cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) expressing AtRAV1/2 and/or AtABI5 showed resistance to imposed drought stress.
    [PMID: 24483851]
  19. our study indicates that BBX21 coordinates with HY5 and ABI5 on the ABI5 promoter and that these transcriptional regulators work in concert to integrate light and ABA signaling in Arabidopsis thaliana.
    [PMID: 24586210]
  20. results suggest that ABA negatively regulates SHB1 expression, at least in part, through the action of its downstream signaling component ABI5
    [PMID: 24619610]
  21. AtMyb7 negatively controls the expression of the gene encoding bZIP transcription factor, ABI5, which is a key transcription factor in abscisic acid (ABA) signalling and serves as a crucial regulator of germination inhibition in Arabidopsis.
    [PMID: 25053018]
  22. RAV1 plays an important role in abscisic acid signaling by modulating the expression of ABI3, ABI4, and AbI5 during seed germination and early seedling development.
    [PMID: 25231920]
  23. BIN2 phosphorylates and stabilizes ABI5 to mediate Abscisic acid (ABA) response during seed germination, while brassinosteroids (BRs) repress the BIN2-ABI5 cascade to antagonize ABA-mediated inhibition.
    [PMID: 25415975]
  24. PKS5-mediated phosphorylation of ABI5 at Ser-42 is critical for the abscissic acid regulation of seed germination and gene expression in Arabidopsis.
    [PMID: 25858916]
  25. link between nitric oxide and abscisic acid hormone signalling through distinct posttranslational modifications of ABI5 during early seedling development
    [PMID: 26493030]
Binding Motif ? help Back to Top
Motif ID Method Source Motif file
Motif logo
Cis-element ? help Back to Top
Regulation -- Description ? help Back to Top
Source Description
UniProtINDUCTION: Up-regulated by drought, salt, abscisic acid (ABA) and glucose or 2-deoxy-glucose (2DG). Autoregulated. Positively regulated by the light-signaling component HY5. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:11287670, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12177466, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12376636, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12970489, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16463099, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18332440}.
Regulation -- PlantRegMap ? help Back to Top
Source Upstream Regulator Target Gene
Regulation -- ATRM (Manually Curated Upstream Regulators) ? help Back to Top
Source Upstream Regulator (A: Activate/R: Repress)
ATRM AT1G14920 (A), AT1G21970 (A), AT1G28300 (R), AT2G01570 (A), AT2G20180 (A), AT2G36270 (A), AT2G40220 (A), AT3G03450 (A), AT3G24650 (A), AT5G11260 (A), AT5G56270 (A)
Regulation -- ATRM (Manually Curated Target Genes) ? help Back to Top
Source Target Gene (A: Activate/R: Repress)
ATRM AT2G36270(A), AT2G40170(A), AT2G41940(R), AT3G11410(A), AT3G51810(A), AT4G16160(A), AT5G56270(A), AT5G65165(A), AT5G66400(A)
Regulation -- Hormone ? help Back to Top
Source Hormone
AHDabscisic acid
Interaction -- BIND ? help Back to Top
Source Intact With Description
BINDAT3G24650ABI5 interacts with ABI3.
BINDAT2G36270ABI5 interacts with another molecule of ABI5 to form a homodimer.
Interaction ? help Back to Top
Source Intact With
BioGRIDAT2G36270, AT2G41070, AT3G24650, AT4G27410, AT4G34000, AT5G37260, AT5G54230, AT1G10585, AT1G14920, AT1G22190, AT1G49720, AT1G52890, AT1G77450
IntActSearch Q9SJN0
Phenotype -- Disruption Phenotype ? help Back to Top
Source Description
UniProtDISRUPTION PHENOTYPE: Exhibits abscisic acid (ABA) insensitivity. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:10929936}.
Phenotype -- Mutation ? help Back to Top
Source ID
T-DNA ExpressAT2G36270
Annotation -- Nucleotide ? help Back to Top
Source Hit ID E-value Description
GenBankAF3342060.0AF334206.1 Arabidopsis thaliana bZIP protein mRNA, complete cds.
GenBankBT0265170.0BT026517.1 Arabidopsis thaliana At2g36270 mRNA, complete cds.
Annotation -- Protein ? help Back to Top
Source Hit ID E-value Description
RefseqNP_565840.10.0protein abscisic acid-insensitive 5
TrEMBLD7LIQ20.0D7LIQ2_ARALL; Putative uncharacterized protein
STRINGAT2G36270.10.0(Arabidopsis thaliana)
Orthologous Group ? help Back to Top
LineageOrthologous Group IDTaxa NumberGene Number
Representative plantOGRP5401580
Publications ? help Back to Top
  1. Choi H,Hong J,Ha J,Kang J,Kim SY
    ABFs, a family of ABA-responsive element binding factors.
    J. Biol. Chem., 2000. 275(3): p. 1723-30
  2. Finkelstein RR,Lynch TJ
    The Arabidopsis abscisic acid response gene ABI5 encodes a basic leucine zipper transcription factor.
    Plant Cell, 2000. 12(4): p. 599-609
  3. Lopez-Molina L,Chua NH
    A null mutation in a bZIP factor confers ABA-insensitivity in Arabidopsis thaliana.
    Plant Cell Physiol., 2000. 41(5): p. 541-7
  4. Arenas-Huertero F,Arroyo A,Zhou L,Sheen J,León P
    Analysis of Arabidopsis glucose insensitive mutants, gin5 and gin6, reveals a central role of the plant hormone ABA in the regulation of plant vegetative development by sugar.
    Genes Dev., 2000. 14(16): p. 2085-96
  5. Laby RJ,Kincaid MS,Kim D,Gibson SI
    The Arabidopsis sugar-insensitive mutants sis4 and sis5 are defective in abscisic acid synthesis and response.
    Plant J., 2000. 23(5): p. 587-96
  6. Riechmann JL,Ratcliffe OJ
    A genomic perspective on plant transcription factors.
    Curr. Opin. Plant Biol., 2000. 3(5): p. 423-34
  7. S
    Regulation and function of the Arabidopsis ABA-insensitive4 gene in seed and abscisic acid response signaling networks.
    Plant Physiol., 2000. 124(4): p. 1752-65
  8. Riechmann JL, et al.
    Arabidopsis transcription factors: genome-wide comparative analysis among eukaryotes.
    Science, 2000. 290(5499): p. 2105-10
  9. Lopez-Molina L,Mongrand S,Chua NH
    A postgermination developmental arrest checkpoint is mediated by abscisic acid and requires the ABI5 transcription factor in Arabidopsis.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2001. 98(8): p. 4782-7
  10. Nakamura S,Lynch TJ,Finkelstein RR
    Physical interactions between ABA response loci of Arabidopsis.
    Plant J., 2001. 26(6): p. 627-35
  11. Gampala SS,Finkelstein RR,Sun SS,Rock CD
    ABI5 interacts with abscisic acid signaling effectors in rice protoplasts.
    J. Biol. Chem., 2002. 277(3): p. 1689-94
  12. Signora L,De Smet I,Foyer CH,Zhang H
    ABA plays a central role in mediating the regulatory effects of nitrate on root branching in Arabidopsis.
    Plant J., 2001. 28(6): p. 655-62
  13. Jakoby M, et al.
    bZIP transcription factors in Arabidopsis.
    Trends Plant Sci., 2002. 7(3): p. 106-11
  14. Carles C, et al.
    Regulation of Arabidopsis thaliana Em genes: role of ABI5.
    Plant J., 2002. 30(3): p. 373-83
  15. Finkelstein RR,Gampala SS,Rock CD
    Abscisic acid signaling in seeds and seedlings.
    Plant Cell, 2002. 14 Suppl: p. S15-45
  16. Bensmihen S, et al.
    The homologous ABI5 and EEL transcription factors function antagonistically to fine-tune gene expression during late embryogenesis.
    Plant Cell, 2002. 14(6): p. 1391-403
  17. Nambara E, et al.
    A screen for genes that function in abscisic acid signaling in Arabidopsis thaliana.
    Genetics, 2002. 161(3): p. 1247-55
  18. Brocard IM,Lynch TJ,Finkelstein RR
    Regulation and role of the Arabidopsis abscisic acid-insensitive 5 gene in abscisic acid, sugar, and stress response.
    Plant Physiol., 2002. 129(4): p. 1533-43
  19. Kim SY,Ma J,Perret P,Li Z,Thomas TL
    Arabidopsis ABI5 subfamily members have distinct DNA-binding and transcriptional activities.
    Plant Physiol., 2002. 130(2): p. 688-97
  20. Johnson RR,Wagner RL,Verhey SD,Walker-Simmons MK
    The abscisic acid-responsive kinase PKABA1 interacts with a seed-specific abscisic acid response element-binding factor, TaABF, and phosphorylates TaABF peptide sequences.
    Plant Physiol., 2002. 130(2): p. 837-46
  21. Lopez-Molina L,Mongrand S,McLachlin DT,Chait BT,Chua NH
    ABI5 acts downstream of ABI3 to execute an ABA-dependent growth arrest during germination.
    Plant J., 2002. 32(3): p. 317-28
  22. Lu C,Han MH,Guevara-Garcia A,Fedoroff NV
    Mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling in postgermination arrest of development by abscisic acid.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2002. 99(24): p. 15812-7
  23. Brocard-Gifford IM,Lynch TJ,Finkelstein RR
    Regulatory networks in seeds integrating developmental, abscisic acid, sugar, and light signaling.
    Plant Physiol., 2003. 131(1): p. 78-92
  24. Lopez-Molina L,Mongrand S,Kinoshita N,Chua NH
    AFP is a novel negative regulator of ABA signaling that promotes ABI5 protein degradation.
    Genes Dev., 2003. 17(3): p. 410-8
  25. Brady SM,Sarkar SF,Bonetta D,McCourt P
    The ABSCISIC ACID INSENSITIVE 3 (ABI3) gene is modulated by farnesylation and is involved in auxin signaling and lateral root development in Arabidopsis.
    Plant J., 2003. 34(1): p. 67-75
  26. León P,Sheen J
    Sugar and hormone connections.
    Trends Plant Sci., 2003. 8(3): p. 110-6
  27. Smalle J, et al.
    The pleiotropic role of the 26S proteasome subunit RPN10 in Arabidopsis growth and development supports a substrate-specific function in abscisic acid signaling.
    Plant Cell, 2003. 15(4): p. 965-80
  28. Johannesson H,Wang Y,Hanson J,Engström P
    The Arabidopsis thaliana homeobox gene ATHB5 is a potential regulator of abscisic acid responsiveness in developing seedlings.
    Plant Mol. Biol., 2003. 51(5): p. 719-29
  29. Suzuki M,Ketterling MG,Li QB,McCarty DR
    Viviparous1 alters global gene expression patterns through regulation of abscisic acid signaling.
    Plant Physiol., 2003. 132(3): p. 1664-77
  30. Chandrasekharan MB,Li G,Bishop KJ,Hall TC
    S phase progression is required for transcriptional activation of the beta-phaseolin promoter.
    J. Biol. Chem., 2003. 278(46): p. 45397-405
  31. Duque P,Chua NH
    IMB1, a bromodomain protein induced during seed imbibition, regulates ABA- and phyA-mediated responses of germination in Arabidopsis.
    Plant J., 2003. 35(6): p. 787-99
  32. Arroyo A,Bossi F,Finkelstein RR,Le
    Three genes that affect sugar sensing (abscisic acid insensitive 4, abscisic acid insensitive 5, and constitutive triple response 1) are differentially regulated by glucose in Arabidopsis.
    Plant Physiol., 2003. 133(1): p. 231-42
  33. Haslek
    Seed 1-cysteine peroxiredoxin antioxidants are not involved in dormancy, but contribute to inhibition of germination during stress.
    Plant Physiol., 2003. 133(3): p. 1148-57
  34. Dekkers BJ,Schuurmans JA,Smeekens SC
    Glucose delays seed germination in Arabidopsis thaliana.
    Planta, 2004. 218(4): p. 579-88
  35. Brocard-Gifford I,Lynch TJ,Garcia ME,Malhotra B,Finkelstein RR
    The Arabidopsis thaliana ABSCISIC ACID-INSENSITIVE8 encodes a novel protein mediating abscisic acid and sugar responses essential for growth.
    Plant Cell, 2004. 16(2): p. 406-21
  36. Haslek
    ABI3 mediates expression of the peroxiredoxin antioxidant AtPER1 gene and induction by oxidative stress.
    Plant Mol. Biol., 2003. 53(3): p. 313-26
  37. Bensmihen S, et al.
    Analysis of an activated ABI5 allele using a new selection method for transgenic Arabidopsis seeds.
    FEBS Lett., 2004. 561(1-3): p. 127-31
  38. Pourtau N, et al.
    Interactions of abscisic acid and sugar signalling in the regulation of leaf senescence.
    Planta, 2004. 219(5): p. 765-72
  39. Bensmihen S,Giraudat J,Parcy F
    Characterization of three homologous basic leucine zipper transcription factors (bZIP) of the ABI5 family during Arabidopsis thaliana embryo maturation.
    J. Exp. Bot., 2005. 56(412): p. 597-603
  40. Nakabayashi K,Okamoto M,Koshiba T,Kamiya Y,Nambara E
    Genome-wide profiling of stored mRNA in Arabidopsis thaliana seed germination: epigenetic and genetic regulation of transcription in seed.
    Plant J., 2005. 41(5): p. 697-709
  41. Li F,Wu X,Tsang E,Cutler AJ
    Transcriptional profiling of imbibed Brassica napus seed.
    Genomics, 2005. 86(6): p. 718-30
  42. Finkelstein R,Gampala SS,Lynch TJ,Thomas TL,Rock CD
    Redundant and distinct functions of the ABA response loci ABA-INSENSITIVE(ABI)5 and ABRE-BINDING FACTOR (ABF)3.
    Plant Mol. Biol., 2005. 59(2): p. 253-67
  43. Yoshida T, et al.
    ABA-hypersensitive germination3 encodes a protein phosphatase 2C (AtPP2CA) that strongly regulates abscisic acid signaling during germination among Arabidopsis protein phosphatase 2Cs.
    Plant Physiol., 2006. 140(1): p. 115-26
  44. Nakashima K, et al.
    Transcriptional regulation of ABI3- and ABA-responsive genes including RD29B and RD29A in seeds, germinating embryos, and seedlings of Arabidopsis.
    Plant Mol. Biol., 2006. 60(1): p. 51-68
  45. Drea SC,Lao NT,Wolfe KH,Kavanagh TA
    Gene duplication, exon gain and neofunctionalization of OEP16-related genes in land plants.
    Plant J., 2006. 46(5): p. 723-35
  46. Marella HH,Sakata Y,Quatrano RS
    Characterization and functional analysis of ABSCISIC ACID INSENSITIVE3-like genes from Physcomitrella patens.
    Plant J., 2006. 46(6): p. 1032-44
  47. Penfield S,Li Y,Gilday AD,Graham S,Graham IA
    Arabidopsis ABA INSENSITIVE4 regulates lipid mobilization in the embryo and reveals repression of seed germination by the endosperm.
    Plant Cell, 2006. 18(8): p. 1887-99
  48. Stone SL,Williams LA,Farmer LM,Vierstra RD,Callis J
    KEEP ON GOING, a RING E3 ligase essential for Arabidopsis growth and development, is involved in abscisic acid signaling.
    Plant Cell, 2006. 18(12): p. 3415-28
  49. Reyes JL,Chua NH
    ABA induction of miR159 controls transcript levels of two MYB factors during Arabidopsis seed germination.
    Plant J., 2007. 49(4): p. 592-606
  50. Fujii H,Verslues PE,Zhu JK
    Identification of two protein kinases required for abscisic acid regulation of seed germination, root growth, and gene expression in Arabidopsis.
    Plant Cell, 2007. 19(2): p. 485-94
  51. Nishimura N, et al.
    ABA-Hypersensitive Germination1 encodes a protein phosphatase 2C, an essential component of abscisic acid signaling in Arabidopsis seed.
    Plant J., 2007. 50(6): p. 935-49
  52. Wang H,Guo J,Lambert KN,Lin Y
    Developmental control of Arabidopsis seed oil biosynthesis.
    Planta, 2007. 226(3): p. 773-83
  53. Zhang Y, et al.
    SDIR1 is a RING finger E3 ligase that positively regulates stress-responsive abscisic acid signaling in Arabidopsis.
    Plant Cell, 2007. 19(6): p. 1912-29
  54. Gan Y,Yu H,Peng J,Broun P
    Genetic and molecular regulation by DELLA proteins of trichome development in Arabidopsis.
    Plant Physiol., 2007. 145(3): p. 1031-42
  55. Libault M,Wan J,Czechowski T,Udvardi M,Stacey G
    Identification of 118 Arabidopsis transcription factor and 30 ubiquitin-ligase genes responding to chitin, a plant-defense elicitor.
    Mol. Plant Microbe Interact., 2007. 20(8): p. 900-11
  56. Perruc E,Kinoshita N,Lopez-Molina L
    The role of chromatin-remodeling factor PKL in balancing osmotic stress responses during Arabidopsis seed germination.
    Plant J., 2007. 52(5): p. 927-36
  57. W-K Ng D,Hall TC
    PvALF and FUS3 activate expression from the phaseolin promoter by different mechanisms.
    Plant Mol. Biol., 2008. 66(3): p. 233-44
  58. Chung S,Parish RW
    Combinatorial interactions of multiple cis-elements regulating the induction of the Arabidopsis XERO2 dehydrin gene by abscisic acid and cold.
    Plant J., 2008. 54(1): p. 15-29
  59. Liu PF,Chang WC,Wang YK,Chang HY,Pan RL
    Signaling pathways mediating the suppression of Arabidopsis thaliana Ku gene expression by abscisic acid.
    Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 2008. 1779(3): p. 164-74
  60. Bies-Eth
    Inventory, evolution and expression profiling diversity of the LEA (late embryogenesis abundant) protein gene family in Arabidopsis thaliana.
    Plant Mol. Biol., 2008. 67(1-2): p. 107-24
  61. Dekkers BJ,Schuurmans JA,Smeekens SC
    Interaction between sugar and abscisic acid signalling during early seedling development in Arabidopsis.
    Plant Mol. Biol., 2008. 67(1-2): p. 151-67
  62. Shobbar ZS, et al.
    Abscisic acid regulates gene expression in cortical fiber cells and silica cells of rice shoots.
    New Phytol., 2008. 178(1): p. 68-79
  63. Chen H, et al.
    Integration of light and abscisic acid signaling during seed germination and early seedling development.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2008. 105(11): p. 4495-500
  64. Bassel GW, et al.
    Elucidating the germination transcriptional program using small molecules.
    Plant Physiol., 2008. 147(1): p. 143-55
  65. Papdi C, et al.
    Functional identification of Arabidopsis stress regulatory genes using the controlled cDNA overexpression system.
    Plant Physiol., 2008. 147(2): p. 528-42
  66. Santos-Mendoza M, et al.
    Deciphering gene regulatory networks that control seed development and maturation in Arabidopsis.
    Plant J., 2008. 54(4): p. 608-20
  67. Garcia ME,Lynch T,Peeters J,Snowden C,Finkelstein R
    A small plant-specific protein family of ABI five binding proteins (AFPs) regulates stress response in germinating Arabidopsis seeds and seedlings.
    Plant Mol. Biol., 2008. 67(6): p. 643-58
  68. Ohnishi N,Himi E,Yamasaki Y,Noda K
    Differential expression of three ABA-insensitive five binding protein (AFP)-like genes in wheat.
    Genes Genet. Syst., 2008. 83(2): p. 167-77
  69. Wawrzynska A,Christiansen KM,Lan Y,Rodibaugh NL,Innes RW
    Powdery mildew resistance conferred by loss of the ENHANCED DISEASE RESISTANCE1 protein kinase is suppressed by a missense mutation in KEEP ON GOING, a regulator of abscisic acid signaling.
    Plant Physiol., 2008. 148(3): p. 1510-22
  70. Piskurewicz U, et al.
    The gibberellic acid signaling repressor RGL2 inhibits Arabidopsis seed germination by stimulating abscisic acid synthesis and ABI5 activity.
    Plant Cell, 2008. 20(10): p. 2729-45
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